Cognitive Appraisals of Depressed Individuals

Individuals who are very depressed typically disqualify the positive appraisals of a situation. It is easier to see negative appraisals “always” or to “never” see any positive one’s. Depressed individuals make overgeneralizations from one situation and tend to filter in only negative conditions  about it. Mountains are made from moehills. The future typically appears catastrophic without any appreciation for possible positive outcomes or by reframing the future as an opportunity or challenge than a disaster. Depressed individuals are very hard on themselves. Perfectionistic individuals become depressed if they can’t meet high self-standards. The need to personalize or see ones self at fault excessively leads to self blame and feeling over-responsible, even for situations to which responsibility should be attributed to others or to which no one has control.

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